Reverse Mortgage Types
Homeowners 62 and older can leverage their home equity with a reverse mortgage. The titleholder with considerable equity or who owns their home outright can take out a loan on part of their equity. The loan becomes due when the homeowner moves out, sells the home, or dies.
However, not all reverse mortgages are the same. The different types include:
Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (HECM)
The home equity conversion mortgage (HECM) is the most widely used reverse mortgage because of the flexibility it offers. There are no medical requirements or income limitations to qualify for a HECM reverse mortgage. Plus, the loan can be used for literally any purpose that is given by reverse mortgage lenders.
HECM loans are federally-insured and backed by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Eligible borrowers can take out loans up to $822,375 as of January 2021 against the value of their homes.
However, the amount any homeowner can access depends on their age, the value of their home, and the equity in the home and reverse mortgage lenders. Besides, the borrower needs to complete the mandatory counseling by a government-approved counselor.
HECM reverse mortgage loans come with fixed-rates or adjustable-rates, both of which are insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA).
Fixed-Rate Reverse Mortgage
Adjustable-Rate Reverse Mortgage
Proprietary Reverse Mortgage (Jumbo Reverse Mortgage)
The borrowing limit on federally-insured reverse mortgages can make the option unattractive for homeowners 62 and older with high-value properties. Jumbo or proprietary reverse mortgage is designed to cater to this group of homeowners, allowing them to access more funds from the equity in their homes.
The proprietary reverse mortgage is not insured by the FHA. Instead, it is backed by banks and private lending companies that develop the loan. Typically, the funds from this type of reverse mortgage are available only in a lump-sum payment option when the loan closes, with generally lower fees but higher rates than the Hecm reverse mortgage.
Single-Purpose Reverse Mortgage
This is the least expensive type of reverse mortgage because they are usually designed for only one purpose. The lender specifies what the loan can be used for, which includes paying property taxes, making home improvements, or paying for home repairs.
The single-purpose reverse mortgage requires a small amount of equity, making it ideal for homeowners 62 and older with low to moderate-income.
The loan is usually offered by non-profit organizations. Also, borrowers can access the loan from some state and local agencies. However, it may not be available everywhere. Your local agencies on aging can provide helpful information on how to find a single-purpose reverse mortgage lender.
You can speak with our specialists today if you need further information on how to choose a reverse mortgage that best suits you.
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